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July 2 is a key date in the history of Texas A&M University. It was then that the Morrill Act went into effect in , named for its sponsor, Vermont Congressman Justin Smith Morrill. It allowed each state to sell up to 30, acres of land and use the funds to establish colleges, hence the name “land grant” universities. Thus, without the Morrill Land-Grant Act, the landscape of higher education as we know it today would not exist. Around its th anniversary, two of the most widely acknowledged works on the history of the land-grant college movement were written: Edward D. Eddy’s Colleges for Our Land and Time: The Land –Grant idea in American Education. The Morrill Act, also known as the Land-Grant College Act of , is named for its sponsor, Vermont Congressman Justin Smith Morrill. Although Morrill never attended college himself after forgoing formal schooling at the age of 15, he was a successful businessman and retired at age In the Morrill Land Grants were expanded once more when the National Agricultural Research, Extension and Teaching Act Reauthorization act was passed. This law required $23 million to over 5 years to be designated to the building and support of tribal colleges on Indian reservations throughout the Union.
port for extension services, using a formula similar to the Hatch Act’s to determine the amount of the appropriation. This act also requires states to provide matching funds in order to receive the federal monies. WHY: Passage of the First Morrill Act () reflected a growing demand for agricultural and technical education in the United States. The Morrill Act symbolizes the public trust that has given life to our nation’s entire educational system for the past years—and it reminds us all of the public commitment that will be. At different times money was appropriated through legislation such as the second Morrill Act and the Bankhead-Jones Act, although the funding provisions of these acts are no longer in effect. A key component of the land-grant system is the agricultural experiment station program created by the Hatch Act . On Aug. 30, , Congress passed a second Morrill Act (the Agricultural College Act of 26 Stat , 7 U.S.C. §) to advance education in the former Confederate states and new territories, requiring those states either to admit students regardless of race or to establish separate land-grant schools for persons of color.
Act of Aug , ch. , 26 Stat. , 7 U.S.C. et seq. Chap. –AN ACT To apply a portion of the proceeds of the public lands to the more complete endowment and support of the colleges for the benefit of agriculture and Read More() Second Morrill Act. This entry about Morrill Acts has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY ) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Morrill Acts entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Morrill Acts entry. The First Morrill Act (): Donating Public Lands for Colleges of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Section 4 (original). And be it further enacted, That all moneys derived from the sale of the lands aforesaid by the States to which the lands are apportioned, and from the sale of land scrip herein before provided for, shall be invested in stock of the United States, or of the States, or some. The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states using the proceeds of federal land sales. The Morrill Act of (7 U.S.C. § et seq.) was enacted during the American Civil War and the Morrill Act of (the Agricultural College Act of (26 Stat. , 7 U.S.C. § et seq.)) expanded this model.